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China's shadow armada: The unseen power of the maritime militia in the South China Sea

China’s maritime militia, known as the People’s Armed Forces Maritime Militia (PAFMM), is a pivotal yet often overlooked component of Beijing’s strategy to assert its territorial claims in the South..

Rethinking the South China Sea in Indian Maritime Security Strategy

In late May, the Indian Navy's (IN) Eastern Fleet concluded a significant operational deployment in the South China Sea, featuring port calls in Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, and..

Seychelles Demonstrates How Smaller Nations Can Effectively Combat Piracy

Earlier this year, the Seychelles Coast Guard vessel, Topaz, was diverted to respond to a Somali pirate attack on a Sri Lankan fishing trawler near the Seychelles exclusive economic zone.


On January 1, 2024, Nigerian pirates attacked the Hana 1, a small chemical tanker in Equatorial Guinea's waters, kidnapping nine crew members.


In January 2024, the Seychelles Coast Guard demonstrated its capacity to counter piracy when they rescued a Sri Lankan fishing trawler, Lorenzo Putha 4, hijacked by Somali pirates.

Comparing Gray-Zone Tactics in the Red Sea and the South China Sea

Gray-zone tactics, which operate between peace and war, are increasingly used by actors to further their interests without engaging in open conflict.

How maritime law enforcement can combat China’s gray-zone aggression

In recent events, China's Coast Guard has displayed aggression in the South China Sea, notably forcing a Filipino fishing crew away from Scarborough Shoal, a territory recognized as belonging to the..

In the EU’s Indo-Pacific Strategy, the Sum of its Parts is Greater Than the Whole

The recent EU engagements in the Indo-Pacific, including the third EU-Indo Pacific Ministerial Forum and the 24th ASEAN-EU Ministerial Meeting, highlighted significant differences between European..

'Grey war zone' in South China sea a cause of concern: Indian Navy

India's concerns in the South China Sea have been voiced by the Indian Navy, highlighting the rise of non-traditional security threats like maritime terrorism, piracy, illegal fishing, and..

[OPINION] India, Japan and South Korea Should Work Together to Protect Shipping

Kabir Taneja is a research fellow in the Observer Research Foundation's strategic studies program in New Delhi.